The maximum size of a masonry panel should be restricted to limit the effects of differential movement. This is particularly important if clay brickwork is used with concrete blockwork and a concrete frame. To allow for a vertical movement of around 1mm per metre, in buildings exceeding four storeys or 12 metres in height, movement joints are generally positioned at every storey or every second storey.
Horizontal Movement Joints
The support will be positioned directly over the horizontal movement joint. The joint will often incorporate a compressible filler and should be of sufficient size to allow for expansion of the masonry below and any shrinkage or deflection of the structural frame. The underside of the support system should be positioned around 2mm above the joint to allow for the support leg to settle when supporting the brickwork above.
The clear joint below should be at least 10mm where there is a single storey height of brickwork below the support system. Where there are two storeys or more of brickwork below the support system, the clear joint should be sufficient to accommodate all expected movements. This may result in clear joints in excess of 10mm. Damp-proofing is normally located at the support position. Wall ties should be incorporated within 300mm above and below the support.
It is important to select the correct support system to ensure that building tolerances can be accommodated. Adjustment will be required in all three planes. Ancon brackets have a slot at the back to provide vertical adjustment. A serrated surface prevents any slip. Longitudinal adjustment is provided by an Ancon cast-in channel in concrete structures, or horizontally slotted holes in steel framed structures.
The AnconOptima System features a fixing zone providing a total of 50mm horizontal adjustment allowing the system to be fixed to pre-drilled holes rather than slots in steelwork and eliminates clashes with reinforcing bars in concrete. Subject to the type of fixing used, AnconOptima brackets can be changed on site to suit variations in the structural edge beam. Other systems accommodate such variations by adding shims between the system and the structure, or by increasing the bearing of the brickwork. The maximum thickness of shims should not exceed the outside diameter of the fixing or 16mm, whichever is less.
Ancon Support Systems are manufactured from grade 1.4301 (304) stainless steel and will be suitable for most building applications. In particularly corrosive environments, or where part of the support will be visible, grade 1.4401 (316) should be considered. These are both Austenitic grades of stainless steel which have a thermal conductivity of 17W/mK.
Bi-metallic corrosion may occur in a damp environment where the stainless steel support system is bolted to the structural steel frame. This will not affect the stainless steel, but could slightly increase the corrosion rate of the carbon steel. This can be prevented by excluding moisture from the detail, or by isolating the two dissimilar metals. Isolation Patches and Thermal Breaks are also available for use with Ancon Support Systems.
Masonry support systems from Ancon can now be supplied with Thermal Breaks to minimise heat loss through cold bridging, and improve the energy efficiency of your building project. For more information, download the brochure or click the link above.
Ancon Thermal Breaks (PDF, 3.86 MB)
There are various methods of fixing Ancon Support Systems to both concrete and steel structures. Visit the Channel and Bolt fixings section for more information.
Following recent fire tests at BRE Global, Ancon is pleased to confirm that its innovative basalt-fibre, low thermal conductivity wall ties, Teplo-BF and Teplo-L, offer 120 minute fire resistance, making them suitable for buildings of any height.
After a string of Awards successes for the Teplo range, the new Teplo-BF low thermal conductivity wall tie has been shortlisted in the ‘Best Innovation in Insulation” category of the 2016 Build It Awards.