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Wall Ties & Restraint Fixings

U-value Calculations

Cross-Sectional Areas of Wall Ties for U-value Calculations

For the accurate calculation of U-values for walls it is important to use the correct information for stainless steel wall ties.

Using the actual cross-sectional area and the thermal conductivity value of a tie, rather than allowing a program to apply a default value, can make a considerable difference to the calculated U-value. It is widely accepted that default values for wall ties over-estimate the thermal bridging effect.

The required information for the main Ancon and Staifix wall ties are shown in the table below.
The Ancon TeploTie / Teplo-BF is manufactured from pultruded basalt fibres set in a resin matrix. These ties have a thermal conductivity of just 0.7W/mK.

Fixings with a lambda value of less than 1.0W/mK are excluded from u-value calculations to BS EN ISO 6946, so TeploTies are always excluded irrespective of their cross-sectional area.

Chi values are available for the Ancon Teplo-L-Tie which has a basalt fibre body and a stainless steel upstand for surface-fixing.

Ancon and Staifix stainless steel wall ties have a thermal conductivity of 17W/mK. They are value-engineered; all unnecessary material is removed to minimise the thermal bridging effect.

Ancon Tie ReferenceTie Length (mm)Cavity Width (mm)Wall Tie Type*Area
HRT4 200 50-75 4 3.5
HRT4 225 76-100 4 4.2
HRT4 250 101-125 4 6.2
HRT4 275 126-150 4 6.2
RT2 200 50-75 2 8.6
RT2 225 76-100 2 8.6
RT2 250 101-125 2 8.6
RT2 275 126-150 2 10.2
DT (Double Triangle) 200 50-75 2 7.5
DT (Double Triangle) 225 76-100 2 7.5
DT (Double Triangle) 250 101-125 3 7.5
DT (Double Triangle) 300 150-175 3 8.6
ST1 200 50-75 1 19.5
ST1 225 76-100 1 19.5
ST1 250 101-125 1 19.5
ST1 275 126-150 1 23.4
ST1 300 151-175 1 23.4
ST1 325** 176-200 1 23.4
ST1 350** 201-225 1 23.4
TJ2 205-305 50-150 Varies 8.8
STF50 127 50 6 12.0
STF75 152 75 6 12.0
STF100 179 100 6 12.0
TIM6 175-250 50-150 Varies 6.6
SDB/V 125-150 45-94 Varies 38.0
SDB/V 175-200 95-144 Varies 47.5

**Type 1 performance declared in M2 mortar only

Masonry-to-masonry wall ties are usually installed at 900mm horizontal centres and 450mm vertical centres; this is equivalent to 2.5 ties/m2. Timber frame are installed at closer centres which is equivalent to a density of 4.4 ties/m2.

Ancon 25/14 Brick Restraint System for Light Steel Framing Systems (SFS)

With the Ancon 25/14 system, only the channel fixing screw passes through the insulation to create a thermal bridge; the channel and wall tie are located outside the insulation. Ancon’s stainless steel fixings screws, referenced HTSS, have a cross sectional area of 15.2mm2 and a thermal conductivity of 17W/mK. Ancon 25/14 channels are typically fixed at 600mm horizontal centres to suit steel layout and 337.5mm or 450mm vertical centres depending on insulation depth.

Separating (Party) Walls

Ties in separating walls should comply with Approved Document E.

U-value Calculations to BS EN ISO 6946

BS EN ISO 6946 permits the corrections due to wall ties, air gaps etc to be omitted if the corrections amount to less than 3% of the uncorrected U-value of the element.

U-value calculation programs either include a function to allow this 3% rule to be applied (e.g. BRE U-value calculator) or automatically apply it where necessary (e.g. BuildDesk U 3.4).

BuildDesk U 3.4 is available for download as a 30 day free trial by registering here. This program includes Ancon wall ties which can be selected from a drop down menu in preference to the default ties to reduce the U-value calculated. For more information on BuildDesk U visit

Video File

This BuildDesk U demonstration video entitled 'Changing Wall Ties' highlights how the selection of Ancon wall ties can improve the calculated U-value of a masonry wall.


Building Information Modelling

For BIM Objects of these products, please click here or visit

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